An Overview of Drug Conspiracy Explained

An Overview of Drug Conspiracy Explained

Aug 24

Given the strict laws surrounding the selling and manufacture of illegal drugs, it would take more than one individual to become successful with committing a drug crime. Drug conspiracy is the agreement between two or more people to commit a drug crime. Possession, distribution, and trafficking of controlled substances is a Federal crime. It involves large amounts of drugs and not just simple possession. The charge for drug conspiracy is harsh and may include a mandatory minimum of 10 years.

Aside from being a Federal crime, the suspects can also be prosecuted at the state level. According to the website of The Horst Law, law enforcement authorities only need to prove that there was conspiracy between two or more parties to commit a drug crime. Proving drug conspiracy is based upon the Pinkerton vs US rule. The ruling states that a conspirator can be held liable for any and all acts committed by co-conspirators. The government prosecutor will only need to convict one of the conspirators for the other parties to be charged as well.

Due to the broad reach of drug conspiracy laws, it is possible to convict persons who do not know each other. Prosecutors can charge several people with the same crime. In some instances, the accused parties can even be charged twice for similar offense with the double jeopardy protection. Even if they simply discussed committing a drug crime, they can still be charged even if they did not take part in the action.

Federal penalties for drug conspiracy are stiff but just like white collar conspiracy offenses. Section 371 of the United States Code places the penalty for conspiracy crimes at $250,000 for individuals and $500,000 for organizations. Aside from the penalty, the conspirators could serve a prison term of up to five years. The penalty can increase in connection with other4 crimes aside from drug offenses. Federal drug crimes can also result to seizure and forfeiture of property even if there was no conviction of a crime.

Whiplash: The Most Common Injury in Rear-end Crashes

Whiplash: The Most Common Injury in Rear-end Crashes

May 18

Drivers and all other vehicle occupants are vulnerable to many kinds of injuries during vehicular accidents. But while some injuries are no more serious than bruises or small cuts, some others, like broken bones, internal injuries, and injury to the spinal cord, head, face, or neck, are severe enough to require emergency medical treatment and long rehabilitation period.

Of the many different types of injuries that motor vehicle accidents result to, the one most commonly suffered by drivers and passengers, according to the American Chiropractic Association (ACA), is whiplash. Whiplash is damage to the ligaments, muscles, tendons and other soft tissues in the neck area. It is caused by a sudden, forceful blow which causes the head to jolt back and forth or sideways. This jolting of the head causes the neck to move beyond its normal range of movement, resulting to overstretched and damaged soft tissues. While being rear-ended by a speeding vehicle can definitely result to a serious whiplash injury, most whiplash injuries are actually caused by vehicles running only at 5 to 10 miles per hour.

Tailgating and inattentive or distracted driving are the top causes of rear-end crashes. These kinds of driving error cause majority of the 120,000 whiplash injuries recorded by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) every year.

Usually, the symptoms of whiplash become manifest shortly after an accident. There are cases, however, when symptoms are delayed, becoming manifest several days after the crash. Thus, while a neck X-ray may be advisable, there is no guarantee that this will help detect possible sustained injuries, especially if the injury is a torn ligament. It is, therefore, important that the victim in an accident be very observant of the symptoms associated with whiplash. These symptoms include swelling at the neck area, nausea, dizziness, pain on the shoulder and arms, back pain, blurred vision, lack of energy, difficulty swallowing, and headache that radiates from the base of the skull to the forehead.

In its website, The Seegmiller Law Firm points out that though motor vehicle accidents are the major causes of whiplash injuries, the number one contributing factor to these accidents is still recklessness or negligence, the basis of a tort (or civil) lawsuit wherein a victim is allowed to seek compensation for whatever damages and losses he or she has been made suffer.

Understanding Car Insurance Deductibles

Understanding Car Insurance Deductibles

Dec 01

If getting an insurance policy seems hard enough, you may get more bewildered when specialized terms begin to come in. One of them being thrown around is the phrase “deductible”. It’s one of the items which should be considered when selecting the suitable or correct automobile insurance for you. In deciding which insurance best accommodates to your demands knowing what is a deductible can make you well informed.

In accordance with the website of Insure on the Spot, a deductible is an insurance term is your personal responsibility for covering the damage, as compared to the responsibility of your insurance company to cover the damage. By way of example, the entire quantity of repair bill is $1,000 including your deductible is $600, then the automobile insurance company will pay for the remaining $400.

Most individuals would rather possess higher deductibles because it permits them to get lower premiums (meaning they pay less insurance) and can save them some money. Even though it seems to be an appealing alternative, it is nevertheless important to select the right deductible as it can affect your insurance rate. Your fiscal remain can also change on specific kinds of promises.

One of the more important factors you should consider when determining your deductible is as in comparison to the quantity you’ll be liable individually the amount of money you are able to save each year on your policy. Think about how much you’re prepared to pay without straining your budget or yourself. Take into account your revenue, savings that are personal funding, as well as your available credit to make sure simply how much you might be capable of ensuring harms. Additionally, frequent accidents in your town may necessitate deductibles that are lower to save from financial problems.

Having a better comprehension of how they could profit you in the end and deductibles work could possibly be crucial in obtaining the vehicle insurance coverage that is proper at the best price.

Will a Hysterectomy Affect My Life?

Will a Hysterectomy Affect My Life?

Aug 17

A hysterectomy can most certainly affect your life in more ways than one. After all, it is the surgical removal of a woman’s womb – it is bound to have effects in the long run. Several women with varying opinions can provide some personal insights as to how the procedure can affect you, should you choose to get the procedure done.

For example, it goes without saying that a woman without a womb can no longer conceive and give birth to children. Women who consider hysterectomies must take this into consideration and must have no further plans of having children through natural means. This, however, does not necessarily mean that a woman will automatically be menopausal after the procedure is done. This may have been true some years ago but current methods allow for just the necessary noncancerous growths to be removed without damaging or needing to take out anything else. In fact, there is such a thing as partial hysterectomies these days.

However, some caution needs to be taken when considering this procedure as there are dangers that lurk in its shadows. There are some cases stated by women who have gone through this procedure as they then claim, according to the website of Williams Kherkher, that hysterectomy with the use of a morcellator by Johnson and Johnson have then caused for them to get endometrial cancer.

If you are considering getting a hysterectomy, it is recommended that you consult with your most trusted physician in order to know if this procedure is the right thing for you. After all, there are several sources that claim that less than 2% of the women who have gotten procedures of this nature done have not, necessarily, needed a hysterectomy in the first place. Usually, it was done in order to remove a painful but otherwise benign growth from the body, like uterine fibroids. But the procedure to remove just the fibroids and not the uterus itself is called a myomectomy and that is another conversation entirely.

Truck Accidents and the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act

Truck Accidents and the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act

Apr 08

Driving for as long as 11 hours straight is normal to many truck drivers, especially if the cargo they carry needs to be delivered fast and on time. Thus, even feeling fatigued or sleepy, the mental resolve to make a timely delivery makes them forego personal needs for the sake of work requirement. This attitude, however, has proven detrimental many times as this takes away their focus on driving and reduces their ability to react to emergency situations on the road. Furthermore, it increases their inability to notice smaller vehicles, whose drivers also fail to observe proper care, tailgating the truck or driving in its “no zone” area when they know they shouldn’t.

A commercial freight truck, otherwise called a big rig or an 18-wheeler, weighs 20-30 times heavier than a car. Its enormous size requires a longer stopping distance, while its height and length often only serve as obstacles for its driver to notice smaller vehicles driving behind it or along the passenger side. Thus, when making a right turn, trucks often accidentally squash unnoticed cars driving on its right or “no zone” area, while failure to make a full stop when necessary usually results rollover accidents or crushed lighter vehicles that are lined along its path.

The risk of an accident and possible serious injuries to innocent victims are among the major reasons why the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act was passed into law in 1986. Prior to the issuance of a license to operate a commercial vehicle, the Act mandates the necessity of a special training, the possession of the skills and knowledge necessary in operating a truck safely, and passing a three-part skills test on basic control, vehicle inspection, and road test. These are supported by other requirements, which include having a Commercial Learners Permit (CLP), acquisition of a copy of a Commercial Driver’s Licensing (CDL) Manual issued by the applicant’s state, proof of residency and medical tests.

Besides the special training, tests and other requirements which are intended to guarantee safe operation of the vehicle, different federal and state laws have also been put into effect to make sure that truck drivers are always focused on the road and never sleepy and that their vehicle is always in good condition and without any defective or malfunctioning parts. Laws pointing to these concerns include the maximum number of hours of service and required length of rest between duties, the prohibition of the use of a cellphone while driving, the lower blood alcohol concentration (BAC) level limit, which is 0.04%, maintenance and regular check of the truck, required standard on truck parts, and so forth.

In 2013 more than 3,500 large truck accidents were reported to the Highway Loss Data Institute, a non-profit research organization. In these accidents, 2400 cars and other smaller vehicle passengers died, while the fatalities on the side of pedestrians, bicyclists and motorcyclists was 540 and on the side truck passengers, 570.

While there are studies which show that, more often than not, car drivers are the ones at fault whenever they figure in an accident with trucks, there is one fact that holds true in majority of road mishaps: that most happen because of negligence.

Negligence is the basis of personal injury and, under the law, victims of personal injury can file a claims lawsuit against negligent individuals who cause accidents. Many victims, however, are not aware of their legal rights, how to go about legal procedures and how much compensation they can be entitled to receive. Tennessee personal injury lawyers may be able to help victims in matters relating to legal concerns. More than just providing victims with professional service, strong representation and tough defense, these law experts treat victims not merely as clients, but as friends in need of genuine assistance.

Different Strokes for Different Folks

Different Strokes for Different Folks

Feb 20

Some people’s idea of swimming has always been treading water just well enough to not drown. Learning proper swimming techniques is not a part of everyone’s childhood summer. The good news is it is never too late to learn. Swimming can be a lot of fun and a great workout, but before you can go jumping into the water expecting instant results, you first must get some background on different swimming styles.

The most common style is the freestyle stroke. This stroke provides the most speed and involves kicking your legs as you swing your arms over your head and into the water one at a time. In order to achieve the correct form, you must keep your body as straight as possible.

The backstroke is like freestyle in the sense that you are still kicking your legs and alternating swinging arms. However, you must float on your back as opposed to swimming with your chest in the water. Make sure than when you begin, all parts of your body except your lungs are under the water.

If you have ever seen a frog in water, you already have a good idea of what your form for a breaststroke should be. A breaststroke involves bending your legs and pushing them out underwater and pushing water outward from your chest.

The butterfly stroke requires core strength, because you must stabilize your core to keep good form. The butterfly involves swinging your arms over your head at the same time and a dolphin-style kick, which entails keeping your legs together while kicking.

Make sure that while swimming you stay safe. The website of the Chris Mayo Law Firm says that a day at the pool can often end in injury. There are many ways a person could be hurt at the pool. Diving boards can break, people can slip and fall along the edge, and there’s the danger of drowning. Know your limits and do not swim alone, especially if you do not have a lot of experience doing so.

The Fatal Walk

The Fatal Walk

Jan 13

You never imagined that when you took the dog out for its daily walk that you would end up in the hospital with life-changing injuries. You can’t help thinking as you suffer tremendous pain that if you had been only a minute earlier or later leaving the house you could even now be enjoying a quiet hour reading a good book with a tall glass of icy lemonade at your elbow. You never even saw the car coming.

This is unfortunately not an uncommon scenario. Pedestrian accidents happen more often than we think. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) one pedestrian is injured every 7 minutes in a vehicular accident somewhere in the US. That’s 76,000 injured annually. A grimmer number is one every two hours; that’s more than 4,700 pedestrian accident fatalities every year. In fact, pedestrian deaths account for 11% of the total number of motor accident fatalities every year. So perhaps lying on a hospital bed with a broken back may not be so bad after all.

Actually, it is.

Serious pedestrian accident injuries are often devastating; many are life-changing. It can result in permanent problems such as paralysis, loss of limbs, extensive disfigurement and scarring, and traumatic brain injury. Aside from significant medical expenses, a serious pedestrian accident injury may result in extensive if not permanent loss of income as well as prolonged life care, something that the average person cannot afford. If the accident was caused by the negligence of the driver such as excessive speeding, failing to stop at a crosswalk or making a sudden turn at an intersection, the victim has the right (and probably the need) to sue for compensation.

If you have been seriously hurt in a negligent pedestrian accident, you may be eligible to file a personal injury lawsuit against the driver and other responsible parties, if any. Find an experienced pedestrian or car accident lawyer in your state to represent you in your lawsuit for best results.

Make Smart Choices In Your Personal Injury Case

Make Smart Choices In Your Personal Injury Case

Aug 25

You can have physical and emotional injuries from a dog bite or a fall. Holding the guilty party accountable may be the only option you have in terms of paying medical bills and earning compensation for pain and suffering. Seeking the advice of a personal injury attorney can really help your case; keep reading to discover how.

When in a car accident, write down what happened as soon as you are safe to do so. For example, what you were doing when it happened, how you are hurt, what damage there is to your car, what damage there is to the other car, and what you think caused the accident or how the other driver was at fault.

Get out of your vehicle and take photographs of the scene from several different angles. You should take pictures of your vehicle and that of the other party. This is important since it will prove the damages were not exaggerated by you or the person you got into the accident with.

Seek medical attention. If you find yourself injured, see a doctor as soon as possible. In addition to being good health advice, you will need the doctor’s diagnosis and paperwork from your visit as evidence. Make sure you document everything, and keep copies for yourself. Failing to get medical attention after an accident or injury can actually reduce the award amount in a personal injury case.

It is possible to locate a personal injury attorney online, but don’t forget to check with people that you know, either. You may be surprised at the number of people who have had to deal with a similar situation before. Ask for their recommendations or find out if they had a negative experience with anyone in your area.

When your injury isn’t your fault, you deserve compensation, according to personal injury lawyers Pohl Berk. However, simply knowing the information isn’t enough. You now have to apply it to your real-life situation if you want to be compensated. Now, you are progressing toward the outcome you desire.

Juvéderm: The Best Solution to Nasolabial Folds

Juvéderm: The Best Solution to Nasolabial Folds

Jul 11

In June 2006, the US Food and Drug Administration approved the use of Juvéderm, the only hyaluronic acid dermal filler and the first gel formulation with smooth consistency, to treat and eliminate smile/laugh lines or nasolabial folds, which are creases of the skin that run from the sides of the nose down to the corners of the mouth. Juvéderm is actually a family of hyaluronic acid (a substance naturally present in human skin) dermal fillers that offers smooth, long-lasting youthful facial skin, without the wrinkles and the folds.

Unlike any other hyaluronic acid dermal filler products available, which have granular consistency gel, only Juvéderm has smooth consistency, making it flow easily into the skin (upon injection) to fill scars and hollow places on the face. Juvéderm formulation also contains lidocaine, a local anesthetic; this is to provide comfort to patients during treatment.

For ultimate, beautiful results, an expert would highly recommend the combined application of Juvéderm and Botox, for while the latter treats wrinkles, which form with muscle movement, the former focuses on static lines and wrinkles, those that appear when the muscles of the face are at rest.

Besides treating nasolabial folds Juvéderm is also used to enhance the cheeks and the lips, to give these the added fullness for still greater looks (the lips also lose fat and shape as a person ages). Lip enhancement, using Juvéderm, usually last for about six months; treated areas where thicker formulations of hyaluronic acid are injected into the facial skin, the duration is between six to twelve months.

Juvéderm, though, is not recommended for patients who have allergic reaction to bacterial proteins or to those who have severe allergies or have had anaphylaxis in the past (anaphylaxis is a delicate allergic reaction to antigens). Juvéderm treatment, especially when combined with Botox, is guaranteed to provide any individual with beautiful looking skin that will always make him/her look good and feel good.

Potential Uses for Medical Marijuana

Potential Uses for Medical Marijuana

Apr 03

The jury is still out regarding the efficacy of medical marijuana, but studies indicate that it may be a better alternative to currently accepted pharmaceutical products for certain conditions. Like with so many chemical treatment protocols, however, cannabis is associated with undesirable and sometimes serious side effects.

One of the most common uses of medical marijuana is the alleviation of the nausea associated with chemotherapy, called appropriately enough as chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). Cannabis is believed to be more efficacious in controlling CINV than standard antiemetics including metoclopramide and promethazine. Short-term side effects may include increased appetite, dry mouth, hallucinations, muscle twitching, ocular problems, mild depression, and dizziness. Ironically, it appears that with prolonged used of cannabis, the patient may develop a condition called cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome. The main symptoms? Nausea and vomiting.

Cannabis is also often used as an analgesic to ease chronic pain associated with neuropathy, rheumatoid arthritis, and fibromyalgia. There is no definitive risk-benefit analysis for cannabis use for chronic pain, but it is considered a safer alternative to opioids in some severe cases.

Spasticity (involuntary muscle movements) is also thought to be something that can be controlled with cannabis and cannabinoids, so it may be a possible treatment for conditions such as multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, and Tourette’s syndrome. Because of the potential for unwanted side effects, the cannabis option is usually only considered when other treatments have proven to be ineffective.

However, because of the bipolar legal status of cannabis in the US, patients use this alternative treatment at considerable risk. A quadriplegic man in Colorado (where medical marijuana is legal) with uncontrollable muscle movements was terminated from his job because he smoked marijuana at home to control his symptoms. The man sued his company for wrongful termination. Historically, state courts have upheld the right of employers to terminate employees for use of medical marijuana even outside the workplace. The Colorado case is no different, but the Colorado Supreme Court has surprisingly granted a hearing to consider the ruling of the lower courts. If the Supreme Court decides to overturn the verdict in favor of the plaintiff, it would set a precedent that would potentially benefit registered medical marijuana users in Colorado.